Chemicals In Cigarettes

The chemicals in cigarettes and tobacco smoke make smoking harmful.

Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 different chemicals, at least 50 are known to be carcinogens (cause cancer in humans) and many are poisonous.

Cigarettes are one of few products which can be sold legally which can harm and even kill you over time if used as intended.

There are ongoing lawsuits in the USA which aim to hold tobacco companies responsible for the effects of smoking on the health of long term smokers.

This is not an exhaustive list of the chemicals in cigarettes but it gives examples that many people will be able to recognise and relate to the harmful health effects of smoking them.

Harmful Chemicals In Cigarettes
Chemical Description
Benzene
(petrol additive)
  • A colourless cyclic hydrocarbon obtained from coal and petroleum, used as a solvent in fuel and in chemical manufacture - and contained in cigarette smoke.
  • A It known carcinogen associated with leukaemia.
Formaldehyde
(embalming fluid)
  • A colourless liquid, highly poisonous, used to preserve dead bodies - also found in cigarette smoke.
  • Known to cause cancer, respiratory, skin and gastrointestinal problems.
Ammonia
(toilet cleaner)
  • Used as a flavouring, frees nicotine from tobacco turning it into a gas
  • Often found in dry cleaning fluids.
Acetone
(nail polish remover)
  • Fragrant volatile liquid ketone, used as a solvent, for example, nail polish remover
  • Found in cigarette smoke.
Tar
  • Particulate matter drawn into lungs when you inhale on a lighted cigarette. Once inhaled, smoke condenses and about 70 per cent of the tar in the smoke is deposited in the smoker's lungs.
Nicotine
(insecticide/addictive drug)
  • One of the most addictive substances known to man, a powerful and fast-acting medical and non-medical poison.
  • This is the chemical which causes addiction.
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
(car exhaust fumes)
  • An odourless, tasteless and poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amounts
  • The same gas that comes out of car exhausts
  • The main gas in cigarette smoke, formed when the cigarette is lit
Others
  • Arsenic (rat poison)
  • Hydrogen Cyanide (gas chamber poison)
Table 1 - Harmful Chemicals in Cigarettes.
Source: Health Education Authority (UK) - Lifesaver

Having read through the list above, do you know what poisons are in cigarettes?

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